MAHATMA GANDHI MISSION

Krishi Vigyan Kendra

(Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi)
Gandheli, Tq. Dist. Aurangabad (M.S.) 431007
Tel.: 07028167090, Email: mgmkvk@gmail.com, Website: www.mgmkvk.com

Mandatory Activities of KVK

“Transfer of Technology” to the framers in order to increase their socio-economic status is a major objective of the KVK. Before implementation of activities, KVK has continuously given major thrust on assessment of POIN (Problems, Opportunities, Issues and Needs) of the farming community. Prior to finalization of annual action plan, KVK analyzes the gap in adoption of technologies. The annual report of Agro Ecological Situation (AES) of the district is the basis while selecting the villages. Similarly, before conducting the activities, a benchmark survey is also conducted to record the socio-economic conditions of the villages. Identification of the beneficiaries for training, demonstration, OFT(On Farm Testing) and other extension activities are conducted amongst the groups of pre identified farmers’ This helps to get a positive response from the farming community.

The Mandates and Objectives of Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) are as follows-

Mandates:

Objectives -

In order to achieve the above mandates, the following broad objectives would help KVK to develop their specific objectives:

On Farm Testing (OFT) Conducted

The main objective of OFT programs is to provide technology transfer on location specific problems to sustain the agriculture. This is done by testing a released technology under the real farm situations with the participation of farmers. Normally, OFTs are conducted for fine tuning of the technology under various farming situations for understanding its suitability in the farmer’s field. The real problems faced by the farmers are given back to the research team for further improvement and refinement. This programs ensures the reach of new and suitable technology to the farmers.

Following are the OFTs conducted by MGM KVK in the various adopted villages.

Sr. No.

Title

Description

1

Effect of plant population on yield of BT Cotton

Cotton is the main crop of the district, which occupies near about 4, 33,000 ha.area. Main problem identified is low plant population per hector which results in low yield. So, this OFT is planed with recommended spacing of 4’×1.5’ with farmers practice to show the effect of new technology.

2

Integrated nutrient management in Maize

Maize is the second important crop followed by cotton in the district which is grown on near about 1, 69,000 ha. Area. This is a heavy feeder crop which effect on soil fertility. So integrated nutrient management is important aspect in this crop. This OFT is planned to show the effect of recommended nutrient management by state agricultural university.

3

Integrated pests and disease management in Ginger.

Ginger is an important vegetable in the vicinity, to minimize the losses due to diseases and pests this experiment is planned.

4

Management of fruit sucking moth in Sweet orange and Pomegranate.

Sweet orange and Pomegranate are important fruit crops in this region which gives high productivity and large income.This OFT is planned to minimize incidence and losses due diseases and pests .

5

Integrated pests and disease management in Redgram,

Red gram is an important pulse crop in the region we did this experiment to minimize incidence and losses of diseases and pests.

7

In-situ Sugarcane trash management

Sugarcane is the main cash crop after cotton in adopted villages. As the organic matter content in soil is very low which results in low fertility. Burning of the trash after harvesting of sugarcane reduces the soil fertility instead it needs to be dumped in the soil to increase the nutrients of the soil. Hence, this OFT was planned to increase the organic carbon and fertility of soil by recycling of trash by In-situ sugarcane trash management.

8

To study the effect of potassium application in Bengal gram in rainfed situation

Bengalgram is one of the main pulse crop. Farmers use only nitrogen and phosphorus to the crop. As potassium is very important nutrient to develop water stress conditions and disease resistance in crop. Also Potassium helps in flowering and setting of pods in crop. Hence, OFT was planned to demonstrate the effect potassium application in Bengal gram in rainfed situation.

9

Effect of Nitrobenzene on flowering in Pomegranate

Nitrobenzene is recommended by NRC pomegranate, Solapur for improving and retention of female flowers in pomegranate. It increases no. of female flowers and fruit set thereby increasing yield by retaining more no. of female flowers. . Hence, OFT was planned to demonstrate the effect of Nitrobenzene on flowering in Pomegranate.

10

Use of broad spectrum dewormer to overcome mortality in calves

Worm load is a measure cause behind calf mortality and it is mostly neglected by the farmers. Hence it is conducted to demonstrate the use of broad spectrum dewormer

11

Use of long acting inj. exnrofloxacin to cure pneumonia in kids

Pneumonia is the measure cause of mortality in Goats and Kids, regular 3 days antibiotic therapy can save the life of kids, adopting regular antibiotic therapy is difficult at field level. Hence 1 day long acting exnrofloxacin to cure pneumonia in kids is planned.

12

Use of clomephene citrate to induce heat in animals

Infertile or anoestrus animals are financial load to farmers, the cheapest drug like clomephene citrate can bring the animal incyclicity. Hence Use of clomephene citrate to induce heat in animals is planned.

13

Use of long acting inj exnrofloxacin to cure enteritis in calves

Enteritis is the measure cause of mortality in Goats and Kids, regular 3 days antibiotic therapy can save the life of kids, adopting regular antibiotic therapy is difficult at field level. Hence 1 day long acting exnrofloxacin to cure pneumonia in kids is planned.

14

Use of protein-energy rich dietary supplement Soy- poha laddu to improve health of malnourished preschool children

Soy- poha laddu is recommended by VNMKV, Parbhani for treatment of malnutrition among vulnerable group and underweight people. It is rich in Protein (14 gm), Calories (512 kcal), Calcium (60 gm) and iron (5.62 mg).

15

To assess the suitability of different types of wheel hoe for weeding and intercultural operation.

Wheel hoe weeder is manually operated equipment for weeding. Light weight, simple to operate which improves the work posture and also reduces the drudgery of the women worker. This demonstration is planned to reduce drudgery of the farm women.

16

To assess the suitability of mittens during harvesting of Okra and Brinjal.

Okra and Brinjal mitten is a manually operated during harvesting. This OFT is planned to create awareness for use of mittens. This shall prevent injuries to the hand & palm and enhance the work efficiency.

Frontline Demonstrations conducted (FLDs)

Frontline demonstrations are to be conducted on past proven technologies. These demonstrations are done on farmers’ field for the purpose of horizontal dissemination of technologies. Following are the FLDs conducted by MGM KVK in adopted villages.

Sr. No.

Title

Description

1

INM in Cotton

As cotton is important crop of the district, this FLD is planned to show the combine effect of inorganic fertilizers & micronutrient.

2

Varietal evaluation in Redgram and Bengalgram

Redgram & Bengalgram are important pulse crops in the district. Farmers are growing local as well as old varieties of this crop. This FLD is planned to compare newly evolved varieties viz BDN 708, BDN 711 of Redgram & Digvijay, Jacky of Bengalgram.

3

Use of Disinfectant for control of gummosis in Sweet orange

This program was planned to demonstrate the use of disinfectants to control gummosis in sweet orange and to increase the crop yield .

4

Seed Treatment in Bengalgram

Bengalgram is an important pulse crop in the district. The soil is poor in phosphorus due to high phosphorus fixation capacity. Farmers do not use biofertilizers and if they do it is very scarce. Hence the FLD was planned to enhance the phosphorus availability by seed treatment with Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria (PSB).

5

Introduction of improved variety of Drum stick

Rohit 1 variety of drumstick is developed by Mr. Balasaheb Marale from Sinner (Dist. Nashik) by selection method and the variety was approved by TNAU, Coimbatore. The variety is high yielding and comes to bearing 7 month after plantation.

6

Tetra vermibed for production of vermicompost

Farmers are using traditional method to produce FYM/Compost from cattle shed waste material. It is an excellent raw material for vermi-compost manure of good quality. Tetra vermin bed is one option at household level. It is low cost & durable material and easy method to produce vermicompost. A FLD is planned to introduce Tetra vermin bed preparation easily.

7

Use of sac holder for reducing the labour cost and time

Farmers’ use 2 -3 labor for filling sac with grain. If they use Sac holder for filling the sac the task can be done by one person this will reduce labor, time as well as drudgery of labor.

8

Kitchen garden

Every house has some space around it like a balcony or terrace. If people grow vegetables at household level they will get fresh vegetables. It will save money as well as improve health of family.

9

Preparation of Iron rich Chiwada for anemic adolescent girls

In our India mostly adolescent girls and pregnant women are suffering from anemia. We can reduce it by taking iron rich foodstuff. Ion rich chivada contain rice flakes, curry leaves, Niger seeds, roasted bengalgram, groundnut and coriander. These items are rich in iron. So, with the help of it we can easily overcome on anemia. A FLD is planned to increase the awareness of how to increase the HB level of adolescent girls.

10

Preparation of Weaning food for pre - school children

In early child hood, children require more protein rich food for their muscle development. Weaning food contain cereals & pulses which are rich in protein. Also it is a supplementary diet for children.A FLD is planned to create consciousness about the same.

Trainings conducted by MGM Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)

KVK organizes off campus and on campus training programmes for practicing farmers, farm women, rural youths and extension personnel for knowledge, skill development and capacity building on various need based and income generation thematic areas. More emphasis is given on long duration practical, self employment oriented trainings for unemployed rural youth and farm women. Following are the trainings conducted by MGM KVK in adopted villages.

Sr. No.

Thematic Area

Name of the training

1

Crop Production Technologies

Ø Integrated crop management

Ø Water management

Ø Weed management

Ø Seed production

Ø Production of Organic Inputs

2

Fertilizer Management

Ø Fertilizer management of Cotton, Maize,

Ø Fertilizer management in Wheat & Bengalgram

Ø Fertilizer management in Sugarcane

3

Crop Protection

Ø

4

In-situ moisture conservation

Ø In-situ moisture conservation with the help of farm pond & opening alternate ridges and furrows.

5

Organic Manure production

Ø Production of organic manures with the help of vermicompost, NADEP & different composting methods.

6

Soil Test Based Nutrient Management

Fertilizer Management on the basis of soil test based

7

IPM, IPDM, Mushroom production, Sericulture, Apiculture, and Income generation.

Ø IPM in cotton

Ø Plant protection in maize.

Ø Management of pests and disease in vegetables.

Ø Management of pests and disease in sugarcane.

Ø Use of different plant protection appliances.

Ø IPDM in sweet orange.

Ø Management practices for management of pod borer and pod fly in red gram.

Ø Integrated pests and disease management in Bengal gram.

Ø IPDM in important fruit and vegetable crops.

Ø Training on vermiculture.

Ø Training on Trichoderma production.

Ø Training on mushroom cultivation.

Ø Training on sericulture.

Ø Training on apiculture.

8

Animal husbandry

Ø Dairy Management

Ø Fodder Production

Ø Goat and poultry management

Ø Animal vaccinations

9

Horticulture

Ø Nursery Management

Ø Protected cultivation

Ø Vegetable Production

Ø Bahar Management in fruit crops

Ø Contingency crop planning

10

Drudgery reduction

Ø Introduction of location specific drudgery reducing technologies for farm women.

11

Health and nutrition of family

Ø Household food security by kitchen gardening & nutrition gardening

Ø Design & development of low/minimum cost diet.

Ø Designing & development of high nutrient efficiency diet.

Ø Different methods to minimize nutrient loss in processing.

Ø Value addition

Ø Training on women & child care.

Ø Training on fuel saving household appliances.

Ø Importance of Bajara in daily diet and development of different products of it.

Ø Fruits & vegetables processing techniques.

Ø Preparation of anemia prevention food

12

Empowerment of women

Ø Different income generating activates for empowerment of women

Ø Training on development of different craft material.

Ø Training on small scale processing unit for women empowerment.

Ø Tailoring & stitching

Ø Training on formation & management of SHGs.

Ø Gender main streaming through SHGs.

Sponsored Trainings

As MGM KVK has linked with Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) and Maharashtra Agriculture competitive Project(MACP) and other line departments. KVK organizes various need based capacity building trainings for the farmers, farm women and rural youths in order to develop entrepreneurship. Following are the on campus trainings conducted at MGM KVK .

Sr.No

Title

1

Protected Cultivation

2

Vegetable cultivation under shade net

3

Maize processing

4

Pomegranate processing

5

Safe storage of farm produce

6

Sericulture

7

Dairy Farming

Extension Activities

KVK organized different extension activities for mass multiplication of the technology.

Sr. no.

Extension activity

Activity

1

Field Days

Field day is an extension activity to show the performance of demonstrated technology on farmer’s field. Farmers involved in this activity are practicing farmers of that village. This activity is conducted when crop is at full bloom stage. KVK has organized many field day on Cotton, Maize, Redgram, bengalgram.

2

Kharif and Rabi farmers Mela

KVK has organized four farmer Melas in Kannad, Khultabad. During Kharif and Rabi seasons KVK arranges extensions activities for technology transfer for farmers.

3

Kissan Goshti

KVK organizes kissan gohstis on the basis of demands and needs of the farmers groups.

4

Method Demonstrations

KVK organizes method demonstrations on seed treatment with biofertilizers, fungicides, pesticides, vermicomposting, vaccination to animals etc.

5

Video Shows

KVK has organized video shows on improved technologies such as fertigation, farm implements and tools, production technologies on shade net, high-tech floriculture etc.

6

Technology week

Every year KVK organizes technology week at KVK farm. In this week KVK invites scientist, farmers interactions, experts lectures on different topics related to production, technology, pest management, soil health management, women empowerment, health and nutrition of women and children, Goatry and poultry management, Dairy management, fodder management, protected cultivation, nursery management etc. KVK also organizes exhibition, demonstrations on new technologies developed by different SAUs and Research stations.

7

Diagnostic and field visit

Experts of KVK visit farmers field in adopted villages and solve problems of the farmers through diagnostic and field visits.

8

Popular articles, folders, TV talks

This educational material is used as a media to spread the information between maximum population.

Instructional Farm Development

Features of Instructional Farm: The following agricultural projects are ongoing projects of KVK to developawareness amongst the farmers.

· Farm Development on Watershed Development

· Drip and Sprinkler irrigation systems

· Fodder cafeteria

· Vegetable farming

· Floriculture

· Kharif and Rabi crop cafeteria

· BBF Technologies

· Fruit crop Mother block development

· Serial Farm Ponds

· Seed Production

· Dry land fruit crop

Demonstration Unit

· Osmanabadi Goat Unit

· Azolla Production unit

· Hi tech – Nursery

· Silage Production

· Sericulture Unit

· Hydroponics Unit

· Vermicompost Unit

· Vermiwash production

· NADEP Compost making

· Banglore method of Composting

· Poultry Unit

· Jivamrit Production

Innovative Projects

· Sustainable Goat farming project on forest fodder species

· 100 R round the year vegetable farming project

· Terrace Garden model development

· Organic carbon enrichment by using different organic sources